AskDefine | Define aberration

Dictionary Definition

aberration

Noun

1 a state or condition markedly different from the norm [syn: aberrance, aberrancy, deviance]
2 a disorder in one's mental state
3 an optical phenomenon resulting from the failure of a lens or mirror to produce a good image [syn: distortion, optical aberration]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

Latin aberratio: compare French aberration. See Aberrate

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. The act of wandering; deviation, especially from truth or moral rectitude, from the natural state, or from a type.
    • The aberration of youth - Hall
    • Aberrations from theory - Burke
  2. A partial alienation of reason.
    • Occasional aberrations of intellect - Lingard
    • Whims, which at first are the aberrations of a single brain, pass with heat into epidemic form - I. Taylor
  3. A small periodical change of position in the stars and other heavenly bodies, due to the combined effect of the motion of light and the motion of the observer.
  4. In the context of "optics": The convergence to different foci, by a lens or mirror, of rays of light emanating from one and the same point, or the deviation of such rays from a single focus.
  5. A deviation of an organism from the state which is regarded as normal.
  6. A mental disorder, especially one of a minor or temporary character.
  7. The producing of an unintended effect by the glancing of an instrument, as when a shot intended for A glances and strikes B.
  8. In the context of "zoology|botany": atypical development or structure

Derived terms

Translations

deviation
  • Finnish: poikkeama, poikkeavuus, eksyminen, hairahdus, harhautuminen, säännöttömyys
  • German: Aberration
  • Vietnamese: (sự) lầm lạc, phút lầm lạc
partial alienation of reason
astronomy: small periodical change of position of heavenly bodies
  • Finnish: aberraatio
  • German: Aberration
  • Vietnamese: tính sai
optics: convergence to different foci
  • Finnish: poikkeama, aberraatio
  • German: Aberration
  • Vietnamese: quang sai
physiology: deviation from the normal state
minor or temporary mental disorder
  • Finnish: poikkeama, aberraatio
  • German: Aberration, Abweichung
law: producing of an unintended effect by the glancing
zoology, botany: atypical development or structure
  • Finnish: harhamuunnos, aberraatio
  • German: Aberration, Abweichung

French

Noun

fr-noun f

Extensive Definition

Aberration has several meanings:
In optics:
In relativity:
In entertainment:
aberration in Bulgarian: Аберация
aberration in Catalan: Aberració
aberration in Czech: Aberace
aberration in Danish: Aberration
aberration in German: Aberration
aberration in Spanish: Aberración
aberration in Esperanto: Aberacio
aberration in French: Aberration
aberration in Galician: Aberración
aberration in Indonesian: Aberasi
aberration in Italian: Aberrazione
aberration in Lithuanian: Aberacija
aberration in Norwegian: Aberrasjon
aberration in Norwegian Nynorsk: Aberrasjon
aberration in Polish: Aberracja
aberration in Romanian: Aberaţie
aberration in Russian: Аберрация (значения)
aberration in Slovak: Aberácia
aberration in Slovenian: Aberacija
aberration in Finnish: Aberraatio
aberration in Swedish: Aberration
aberration in Ukrainian: Аберація

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

aberrance, aberrancy, abet, abnormality, abnormity, alienation, amorphism, anomalism, anomalousness, anomaly, bend, bias, brain damage, brainsickness, branching off, centrifugence, circuitousness, clouded mind, conceit, corner, crackpotism, crank, crankiness, crankism, craziness, crook, crosswiseness, crotchet, crotchetiness, curiosity, curve, daftness, decentralization, declination, defectiveness, deflection, deflexure, delusion, dementedness, dementia, departure, deployment, derangement, detour, deviance, deviancy, deviation, deviousness, diagonality, difference, differentness, digression, discursion, disorientation, distortion, distraction, divagation, divarication, divergence, divergency, diversion, division, dogleg, dottiness, double, drift, drifting, eccentricity, errancy, errantry, erraticism, erraticness, erroneousness, error, excursion, excursus, exorbitation, fallaciousness, fallacy, falseness, falsity, fanning, fanning out, fault, faultiness, flaw, flawedness, folie, foment, freakiness, freakishness, furor, hairpin, hamartia, heresy, heterodoxy, heteromorphism, idiocrasy, idiosyncrasy, illusion, indirection, indirectness, inferiority, insaneness, insanity, instigate, irrationality, irregularity, kink, loss of mind, loss of reason, lunacy, madness, maggot, mania, mannerism, mental deficiency, mental derangement, mental disease, mental disorder, mental disturbance, mental illness, mental instability, mental sickness, mind overthrown, mindsickness, misapplication, misconstruction, misdoing, misfeasance, misinterpretation, misjudgment, mistake, monstrosity, nonconformity, obliqueness, obliquity, oddity, oddness, peccancy, peculiarity, pererration, perversion, pixilation, possession, prodigy, provoke, psychopathy, queerness, quip, quirk, quirkiness, rabidness, raise, rambling, rarity, reasonlessness, self-contradiction, senselessness, separation, set, set on, shattered mind, sheer, shift, shifting, shifting course, shifting path, sick mind, sickness, sin, sinfulness, singularity, skew, skewness, slant, slip, splaying, spread, spreading, spreading out, squint, stir up, strangeness, straying, subnormality, superiority, sweep, swerve, swerving, swinging, tack, teratism, transverseness, trick, turn, turning, twist, unbalance, unbalanced mind, unconventionality, unnaturalism, unnaturalness, unorthodoxy, unsaneness, unsound mind, unsoundness, unsoundness of mind, untrueness, untruth, untruthfulness, vagary, variation, veer, wandering, warp, whim, whimsicality, whimsy, witlessness, wrong, wrongness, yaw, zigzag
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